miércoles, 11 de marzo de 2020

Instalar VMware tools en CentOS



Cómo instalar VMware Tools en una distribución Linux CentOS.



A continuación, explicaré cómo instalar VMware tools (vmtools) en un sistema operativo CentOS.

Antes que nada, instalamos los prerequisitos de vmtools para CentOS:

[root@virtualmachine]$ yum install make gcc kernel-devel kernel-headers glibc-headers perl net-tools

Ahora, montamos la ISO con las vmtools desde el ESXi:



Creamos una carpeta vacía en la máquina virtual:

[root@virtualmachine]$ mkdir /mnt/cdrom

Montamos el CD:

[root@virtualmachine]$ mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

Copiamos el contenido del CD a, por ejemplo, /tmp:

root@virtualmachine]$ cp /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools*.tar.gz /tmp/

Descomprimimos el archivo:

[root@virtualmachine]$ tar xvfz /tmp/VMwareTools*.tar.gz

Nos dirigimos a la carpeta recien creada:

[root@virtualmachine]$ cd /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib

Ejecutamos el instalador:

(Añadir -d para autoaceptar los "defaults")

HOST# ./vmware-install.pl -d Creating a new VMware Tools installer database using the tar4 format. Installing VMware Tools. In which directory do you want to install the binary files? [/usr/bin] What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)? [/etc/rc.d] What is the directory that contains the init scripts? [/etc/rc.d/init.d] In which directory do you want to install the daemon files? [/usr/sbin] In which directory do you want to install the library files? [/usr/lib/vmware-tools] The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? [yes] In which directory do you want to install the common agent library files? [/usr/lib] In which directory do you want to install the common agent transient files? [/var/lib] In which directory do you want to install the documentation files? [/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? [yes] The installation of VMware Tools 10.1.10 build-6082533 for Linux completed successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl". Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] Initializing... Making sure services for VMware Tools are stopped. Found a compatible pre-built module for vmci. Installing it... Found a compatible pre-built module for vsock. Installing it... The module vmxnet3 has already been installed on this system by another installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. The module pvscsi has already been installed on this system by another installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. The module vmmemctl has already been installed on this system by another installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish to enable this feature? [no] Found a compatible pre-built module for vmxnet. Installing it... The vmblock enables dragging or copying files between host and guest in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish to enable this feature? [no] VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of VMware kernel modules at boot that are not already present. This feature can be enabled/disabled by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl. Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules? [yes] Disabling timer-based audio scheduling in pulseaudio. Do you want to enable Guest Authentication (vgauth)? Enabling vgauth is needed if you want to enable Common Agent (caf). [yes] Do you want to enable Common Agent (caf)? [yes] Detected X server version 1.17.4 Distribution provided drivers for Xorg X server are used. Skipping X configuration because X drivers are not included. Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel. Generating the key and certificate files. Successfully generated the key and certificate files. vmware-tools start/running The configuration of VMware Tools 10.1.10 build-6082533 for Linux for this running kernel completed successfully. You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take effect. You can now run VMware Tools by invoking "/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox-cmd" from the command line. To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following: 1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user 2. Log out and log back into your desktop session 3. Restart your X session. Enjoy, --the VMware team Found VMware Tools CDROM mounted at /mnt/cdrom. Ejecting device /dev/sr0 ...

Software instalado. Ahora podemos borrar la carpeta de instalación; ya no es necesaria.
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